Organic Transition Effects on Soilborne Diseases of Soybean and Populations of Pseudomonadaceae
Monday, November 9, 2015
By: Y. Xiang, The American Phytopathological Society
During transition to organic production, various strategies can be implemented to enhance soil health, including the soil property of disease suppressiveness. We previously found increased levels of diseases caused by bio trophic pathogens associated with manure application, but manure also suppressed diseases caused by necrotrophic pathogens. In an extension of that study we evaluated soils from different cropping system and organic amendment treated plots using a bioassay of suppressiveness to two soil borne diseases, Rhizoctonia root rot and sudden death syndrome (SDS) of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.]. Also, the soil population levels of Pseudomonadaceae were assessed for their suitability as an indicator of disease suppressiveness. Levels of soil suppression of both Rhizoctonia root rot and SDS were found to be associated with specific cropping systems, but the associations were not consistent from year to year. There were no associations between organic amendment treatments and disease suppression in the bioassay studies. However, there was an overall increase in soil suppressiveness to Rhizoctonia solani during the 3 yr of transition, regardless of cropping system or organic amendment treatments. In contrast, there was an overall decrease in suppressiveness to Fusarium virguliforme during the transition. There was no significant effect of cropping system or organic amendment treatments on the levels of Pseudomonadaceae, indicating that this was not a good predictor of general suppression in this study. While specific treatments were not found to consistently impact soil suppressiveness, the overall increase in suppressiveness to R. solani during the 3-yr transition did show the value of the transition process.
Link to full study via The American Phytopathological Society here: Organic Transition Effects on Soilborne Diseases of Soybean and Populations of Pseudomonadacea